Specific CO2 emissions amounted to 411 g/kWheq in 2017, an increase of 4% compared to 2016. The increase in value is not linked to higher CO2, emissions, but to a decrease in the Group’s energy production due to changes in the scope of operations during 2016 and 2017, as already described in the previous paragraphs. Considering the managed production, the value of Enel’s specific emission is equal to 400 g/kWheq.

KPIUM201720162017-2016%
Specific CO2 emissions from total net production1 g/kWheq 411 395 16 4.1%

(1) Specific emissions are calculated considering the total emissions from simple and combined thermal production of electricity and heat, in proportion to the total renewable, nuclear, simple and combined thermal power and heat generation (including the contribution of heat in kWheq).

Specific CO2, emissions, reduction target and performance (gCO2/kWheq)

Compared to 2007, which is the base year for Enel’s target to reduce specific CO2 emissions by 2020, specific emissions have decreased by 12%. Considering the managed capacity, specific emissions are down a total of 14%.

The 2020 target for CO2 emissions lower than 350 g/kWheq has also been recognized as “science-based”1, meaning that it is on track for the achievement of global decarbonization targets.

The Group strategy for the period 2018-2020 works towards this objective, envisaging additional capacity from renewable sources of 7.8 GW (including managed capacity), which will bring total renewable capacity to 2020 to a value of 48 GW and consequently an increase in zero emission production from the current 45% to 55%.

TargetTarget

Approach

 

(1) “Science-based target” is an initiative of the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), UN Global Compact (UN-GC), World Resources Institute (WRI) and the WWF to stimulate companies to set greenhouse gas emission reduction targets that are in line with scientific requirements to limit the increase in the average global temperature to 2 °C by the end of the century compared to pre-industrial levels. Companies’ emission targets are assessed against a decarbonization trend based on the scenarios of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the International Panel on Climate Change set up by the UN Framework Agreement on Climate Change. The scenarios set out 14 decarbonization trends to be applied to the main sectors of the economy, including for energy generation.